How can Animal Pain be Assessed?
The principles used in these guidelines for assessment of animal pain can be
found by clicking here.
Either objective and / or subjective assessments are used in a comprehensive (systematic)
or easy to use (practical) way. However, the sensitivity, reliability
and validity of all assessment methods should also be considered.
- Objective Assessment,
using physiological, biochemical and behavioural responses.
- Subjective Assessment,
using verbal descriptors, VAS
and NRS scales.
- Systematic Assessment accepts that
all aspects of the animal's mental, physical and behavioural state should,
ideally, be considered. However, it is acknowledged that the time necessary to obtain
the information and the expertise required for its appropriate
interpretation may not always be readily available.
- Practical Assessment
accepts that quick and easily applied methods are required for routine application
under "field" conditions. Such methods involve reducing the
information obtained during systematic assessment.
is achieved experimentally by demonstrating consistency between the
new method of assessment and established standard or independent methods.