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Bibliography

General Text Books and Websites

Anand, K.J.S. & McGrath, P.J. (Eds) (1993) Pain in neonates. Publ: Elsevier Science, Amsterdam.

Back, W. & Clayton, H. (2000) Equine Locomotion.  Publ: W.B. Sanders, Harcourt Health Sciences, London. 

Flecknell, P. & Waterman-Pearson, A.(2000) Pain Management in Animals.  Publ: W.B.Sanders, Harcourt Health Sciences, London.

Hellebrekers, L.J. (2000) Animal Pain. A practical-oriented approach to an effective pain control in animals. Publ: van der Wees Uitgevery, Utrecht, The Netherlands. 

McGrath, P.A. (1990) Pain in Children: Nature Assessment and Treatment. Publ: Guildford Press, New York.

Sanford, J.; Ewbank, R.; Molony, V.; Tavernor, W.D.; Uvarov, O. (1986) Guidelines for the recognition and assessment of pain in animals. Veterinary Record 118, 334-338.

Schmidt, R.F. & Thews, G. (Eds) (1989) Human Physiology. Publ: Springer-Verlag, Berlin, New York.

Wall, P.D. & Melzack, R. (Eds) (1994) Textbook of Pain. Publ: Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh.

International Association for the Study of Pain. http://www.iasp-pain.org/pubsopen.html

IASP (1991) Core curriculum for professional education in pain. Ed. H.L. Fields. Publ: IASP Publications, Seattle, USA. 

Journal References

Abbott, F. V., Franklin, K. B., and Connell, B. (1986). The stress of a novel environment reduces formalin pain: possible role of serotonin. European Journal of Pharmacology 126, 141-144.

Abbott, F. V., Franklin, K. B., and Westbrook, R. F. (1995). The formalin test: scoring properties of the first and second phases of the pain response in rats. Pain 60, 91-102.

Abbott, F. V., Ocvirk, R., Najafee, R., and Franklin, K. B. (1999). Improving the efficiency of the formalin test. Pain 83, 561-569.

Bateson, P. (1991). Assessment of pain in animals. Animal Behaviour. 42, 827-839.

Berriatua, E., French, N. P., Broster, C. E., Morgan, K. L., and Wall, R. (2001). Effect of infestation with Psoroptes ovis on the nocturnal rubbing and lying behaviour of housed sheep. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 71, 43-55.

Coderre, T. J., Fundytus, M. E., McKenna, J. E., Dalal, S., and Melzack, R. (1993). The formalin test: a validation of the weighted-scores method of behavioural pain rating. Pain 54, 43-50.

Cook, C. J. (2002). Rapid noninvasive measurement of hormones in transdermal exudate and saliva. Physiology & Behavior 75, 169-181.

Corke, M. J. and Broom, D. M. (1999). The behaviour of sheep with sheep scab, Psoroptes ovis infestation. Veterinary Parasitology. 83, 291-300.

Dolan, S. K. and Nolan, A. M. (2000). Behavioral evidence supporting a differential role for spinal group I and II metabotropic glutamate receptors in inflammatory hyperalgesia in sheep. Neuropharmacology  39, 1132-1138.

Dubuisson, D. and Dennis, S. G. (1977). The formalin test: a quantitative study of the analgesic effects of morphine, meperidine, and brain stem stimulation in rats and cats. Pain 4, 161-174.

Earley, B and Crowe, M. A. (2002). Effects of ketoprofen alone or in combination with local anesthetic during the castration of bull calves on plasma cortisol, immunological, and inflammatory responses. Journal of Animal Science 80, 1044-1052.

Eckersall, P. D. (2000). Recent advances and future prospects for the use of acute phase proteins as markers of disease in animals. Revue de Medecine Veterinaire. 151, 577-584.

Eckersall, P. D., Young, F. J., McComb, C., Hogarth, CJ, Safi, S, Weber, A, McDonald, T, Nolan, A. M., and Fitzpatrick, J. L. (2001). Acute phase proteins in serum and milk from dairy cows with clinical mastitis. Veterinary Record 148, 35-41.

Eshraghi, HR, Zeitlin, IJ, Fitzpatrick, J. L., Ternent, H, and Logue, D. N. (1999). The release of bradykinin in bovine mastitis. Life Sciences 64, 1675-1687.

Faulkner, P. M. and Weary, D. M. (2000). Reducing pain after dehorning in dairy calves. Journal of Dairy Science 83, 2037-2041.

Firth, A. M. and Haldane, S. L. (1999). Development of a scale to evaluate postoperative pain in dogs. JAVMA 214, 651-659.

Fisher, A. D., Crowe, M. A., Nuallain, E. M. O., Monaghan, M. L., Prendiville, D. J., OKiely, P., and Enright, W. J. (1997). Effects of suppressing cortisol following castration of bull calves on adrenocorticotropic hormone, in vitro interferon- gamma production, leukocytes, acute-phase proteins, growth, and feed intake. Journal of Animal Science 75, 1899-1908.

Fisher, A. D., Knight, T. W., Cosgrove, G. P., Death, A. F., Anderson, C. B., Duganzich, D. M., and Matthews, L. R. (2001). Effects of surgical or banding castration on stress responses and behaviour of bulls. Australian Veterinary Journal. 79, 279-284.

Fitzpatrick, J. L., Nolan, A. M., Scott, E. M., Harkins, LS., and Barrett, D. C. (2002). Observers perception of pain in cattle. Cattle Practice. 10, 209-212.

Graf, B. and Senn, M. (1999). Behavioural and physiological responses of calves to dehorning by heat cauterization with or without local anaesthesia. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 62, 153-171.

Graham, M.J., Kent, J.E. and Molony, V. (1997) Effects of four analgesic treatments on the behavioural and cortisol re­sponses of 3-week old lambs to tail docking. British Veterinary Journal 153,  87-97.

Grant, C. (2002) The safety and efficacy of intramuscular Xylazine for pain relief in sheep and lambs. Faculty of Health Sciences, Adelaide University, South Australia. MSc Thesis.

Grant, C. and Upton, R. N. (2001). The anti-nociceptive efficacy of low dose intramuscular xylazine in lambs. Research in Veterinary Science 70, 47-50.

Gruys, E., Obwolo, MJ, and Toussaint, MJM (1994). Diagnostic significance of the major acute phase proteins in veterinary clinical chemistry: a review. Veterinary Bulletin 64, 1009-1018.

Harkins, LS., Fitzpatrick, J. L., Nolan, A. M., Barrett, D. C., and Scott, E. M. Perception of pain in Sheep. Sheep Veterinary Society 57, 17-20. 2002.

Hay, M., Vulin, A., Genin, S., Sales, P. and Prunier, A (2003). Assessment of pain induced by castration in piglets: behavioral and physiological responses over the 5 subsequent days.  Applied Animal Behaviour Science 82, 201-218.

Holton, L., Reid, J., Scott, E. M., Pawson, P., and Nolan, A. (2001). Development of a behaviour-based scale to measure acute pain in dogs. Veterinary Record 148, 525-531.

Holton, L. L., Scott, E. M., Nolan, A., Reid, J., Welsh, E., and Flaherty, D. (1998). Comparison of three methods used for assessment of pain in dogs. Journal of the American Veterinary Medical Association. 212, 61-67.

Hosie, B. D., Carruthers, J., and Sheppard, B. W. (1996). Bloodless castration of lambs: results of a questionnaire. British Veterinary Journal. 152, 47-55.

International Association for the Study of Pain (IASP) (1979) Pain terms: a list with definitions and notes on usage. Pain 6, 249-252.

Jackson, R E., Molony V., and Kent, J. E. (1999) Behavioural effects of chronic neuropathic pain from the tail in lambs.  p144. Proceedings of the 10th World Congress on Pain. Vienna, Austria, August 1999.

Kania, B. F., Zaremba-Rutkowska, M., and Romanowicz, K. (1999). Experimental intestinal stress induced by duodenal distention in sheep.  Journal of Animal & Feed Sciences. 8, 233-245.

Kent, J. E. and Goodall, J. (1991) Assessment of an immunotur­bidimetric method for measuring equine serum haptoglobin concen­tration. Equine veterinary J. 23 59-66.

Kent, J.E. (1977) The effect of road transportation on young cattle. University of Liverpool. MSc Thesis.

Kent, J. E. (1992) Acute phase proteins: their use in veterinary diagnosis.  Guest Editorial for British Veterinary J. 148 279-281.

Kent, J.E., Molony, V. and Robertson, I.S. (1993) Changes in plasma cortisol concentration in lambs of three ages after three methods of castration and tail docking. Research in Veterinary Sciences 55 246-251. (Abstract)

Kent, J.E., Molony, V. and Robertson, I.S. (1995) Comparison of Burdizzo and rubber ring methods of castration and tail dock­ing of lambs. Veterinary Record 136 192-196. (Abstract)

Kent, J. E., Molony, V., and Graham, M. J. (1998). Comparison of methods for the reduction of acute pain produced by rubber ring castration or tail docking of week-old lambs. The Veterinary Journal. 155, 39-51. (Abstract)

Kent, J. E., Molony, V., Jackson, R. E., and Hosie, B. D. (1999). Chronic inflammatory responses of lambs to rubber ring castration: are there any effects of age or size of lamb at treatment. Occasional Publication - British Society of Animal Science. 23, 160-162.

Kent, J. E., Jackson, R. E, Molony, V., and Hosie, B. D. (2000). Effects of acute pain reduction methods on the chronic inflammatory lesions and behaviour of lambs castrated and tail docked with rubber rings at less than two days of age. The Veterinary Journal 160, 33-41. (Abstract)

Kent, J. E., Molony V., and Graham, M. J. (2001a). The effect of different bloodless castrators and different tail docking methods on the response of lambs to the combined Burdizzo rubber ring method of castration. The Veterinary Journal 162, 250-254.

Kent, J. E., Meikle, L., Molony V., and McKendrick, I. J. (2001b) Qualitative versus quantitative assessment of an acute pain in lambs. Sheep Veterinary Society 25, 65-66.

Kent, J. E., Thrusfield, M. V., Molony, V., Hosie, B. D., and Sheppard, B. W. (2004). A randomised, controlled field trial of two new techniques for castration and tail docking of lambs less than two days of age. Veterinary Record 154, 193-200..

Lester, S. J., Mellor, D. J., and Ward, R. N. (1991a). Effects of repeated handling on the cortisol responses of young lambs castrated and tailed surgically. New Zealand Veterinary Journal. 39, 147-149.

Lester, S. J., Mellor, D. J., Ward, R. N., and Holmes, R. J. (1991b). Cortisol responses of young lambs to castration and tailing using different methods. New Zealand Veterinary Journal. 39, 134-138.

Lester, S. J., Mellor, D. J., Holmes, R. J., Ward, R. N., and Stafford, K. J. (1996). Behavioural and cortisol responses of lambs to castration and tailing using different methods. New Zealand Veterinary Journal. 44, 45-54.

Ley, S. J., Livingston, A., and Waterman, A. E. (1991). Effects of chronic lameness on the concentrations of cortisol, prolactin and vasopressin in the plasma of sheep. Veterinary Record. 129, 45-47.

Ley, S. J., Waterman, A. E., Livingston, A., and Parkinson, T. J. (1994). Effect of chronic pain associated with lameness on plasma cortisol concentrations in sheep: a field study. Research in Veterinary Science. 57, 332-335.

Liles, J. H. and Flecknell, P. A. (1993a). The effects of surgical stimulus on the rat and the influence of analgesic treatment [see comments]. British Veterinary Journal 149, 515-525.

Liles, J. H. and Flecknell, P. A. (1993b). The influence of buprenorphine or bupivacaine on the post-operative effects of laparotomy and bile-duct ligation in rats. Laboratory Animals 27, 374-380.

Manson, F. J. and Leaver, J. D. (1988). The influence of concentrate amount on locomotion and clinical lameness in dairy cattle. Animal Production 47, 185-190.

Mellor, D. J. and Murray, L. (1989a). Changes in the cortisol responses of lambs to tail docking, castration and ACTH injection during the first seven days after birth. Research in Veterinary Science. 46, 392-395.

Mellor, D. J. and Murray, L. (1989b). Effects of tail docking and castration on behaviour and plasma cortisol concentrations in young lambs. Research in Veterinary Science. 46, 387-391.

Mellor, D. J., Stafford, K. J., Todd, K. S., Jr., Lowe, TE, Gregory, N. G, Bruce, R. A., and Ward, R. N. (2002). A comparison of catecholamine and cortisol responses of young lambs and calves to painful husbandry procedures. Australian Veterinary Journal 80, 228-233. (Abstract)

Melzack, R. (1975). The Mcgill pain questionaire:major properties and scoring methods. Pain 1, 277-299.

Molony, V. (1997) Comments on Anand and Craig (Letters to the Editor). Pain 70, 293.

Molony, V., Kent, J.E. and Robertson, I.S. (1993a) Behavioural responses of lambs of three ages in the first three hours after three methods of castration and tail docking. Research in Veterinary Science 55 236-245. (Abstract)

Molony, V., Kent, J. E., Fleetwood-Walker, S. M., Munro, F., and Parker, R. M. C. (1993b) Effects of Xylazine and L659874 on behavior of lambs after tail docking.  p80.  Proceedings of the 7th IASP World Congress on pain, Paris.
 

Molony, V., Kent, J.E. and Robertson, I.S. (1995) Assessment of acute and chronic pain after different methods of castration of calves. Applied Animal Behavioural Sciences 46 33-48. (Abstract)

Molony, V. and Kent, J.E. (1997) Assessment of acute pain in farm animals using behavioural and physiological measurements. Journal of Animal Science 75 266-272. Written paper of presentation given by V. Molony at 87th Annual meeting of the American Society of Animal Science, Florida, USA, July 1995. (Abstract)

Molony, V., Kent, J.E., Hosie, B. and Graham, M.J. (1997) Reduction in pain suffered by lambs at castration. British Veterinary Journal 153 205-213. (Abstract)

Molony, V., Kent, J. E., and McKendrick, I. J. (2002). Validation of a method for the assessment of an acute pain in lambs. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 76, 215-238. (Abstract)

Mostl, E., Maggs, J. L., Schrotter, G., Besenfelder, U., and Palme, R. (2002). Measurement of cortisol metabolites in faeces of ruminants. Veterinary Research Communications. 26, 127-139.

Noonan, G. J., Rand, J. S., Priest, J., Ainscow, J., and Blackshaw, J. K. (1994). Behavioural observations of piglets undergoing tail docking, teeth clipping and ear notching. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 39, 203-213.

O'Callaghan, K (2002). Lameness and associated pain in cattle - challenging traditional perceptions. In Practice April, 212-219.

Otto, K. A. and Short, C. E (1998). Pharmaceutical control of pain in large animals. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 59, 157-169.

Owens, M. E. (1984). Pain in Infancy: Conceptual and methodological issues. Pain 20, 213-230.

Peers, A., Mellor, D. J., Wintour, E. M., and Dodic, M (2002). Blood pressure, heart rate, hormonal and other acute responses to rubber ring castration and tail docking of lambs. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 50, 56-62. (Abstract)

Pepys, M.B., Baltz, M.L., Tennent, G.A., Kent, J., Ousey, J and Rossdale, P.D. (1989) Serum amyloid A protein (SAA) in horses: objective measurement of the acute phase response. Equine Veterinary J. 21 106-109.

Petrie, N. J., Mellor, D. J., Stafford, K. J., Bruce, R. A., and Ward, R. N. (1996). Cortisol responses of calves to two methods of disbudding used with or without local anaesthetic. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 44, 9-14.

Pollard, J. C., Littlejohn, R. P., Johnstone, P, Laas, FJ, Corson, ID, and Suttie, J. M. (1992). Behavioural and heart rate responses to velvet antler removal in red deer. New Zealand Veterinary Journal 40, 56-61.

Price, J and Nolan, A. M. (2001). Analgesia of newborn lambs before castration and tail docking with rubber rings. Veterinary Record 149, 321-324.

Pritchett, LC, Ulibarri, C, Roberts, MC, Schneider, RK, and Sellon, DC (2003). Identification of potential physiological and behavioral indicators of postoperative pain in horses after exploratory celiotomy for colic. Applied Animal Behaviour Science 80, 31-43.

Robertson, I.S., Kent, J.E. and Molony, V. (1994) Effect of different methods of castration on behaviour and plasma cortisol in calves of three ages. Research in Veterinary Sciences 56, 8-17. (Abstract)

Ross, M.R. and Dyson, S.J. (2003) Diagnosis and Management of Lameness in Horses. Publ. Sanders, Elsevier Science, USA.

Roughan, J. V. and Flecknell, P. A. (2001). Behavioural effects of laparotomy and analgesic effects of ketoprofen and carprofen in rats. Pain 90, 65-74.

Sanford, J.; Ewbank, R.; Molony, V.; Tavernor, W.D.; Uvarov, O. (1986) Guidelines for the recognition and assessment of pain in animals. Veterinary Record 118, 334-338.

Schatz, S and Palme, R. (2001). Measurement of faecal cortisol metabolites in cats and dogs: A non-invasive method for evaluating adrenocortical function. Veterinary Research Communications. 25, 271-287.

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Stafford, K. J., Mellor, D. J., Todd, S. E., Gregory, N. G., Bruce, R. A., and Ward, R. N. (2002). Effects of local anaesthesia or local anaesthesia and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug on cortisol responses of calves to castration by five different methods. Research in Veterinary Science 73, 61-70. (Abstract)

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Welsh, E. M., Gettinby, G., and Nolan, A. M. (1993). Comparison of a visual analogue scale and a numerical rating scale for assessment of lameness, using sheep as a model. American Journal of Veterinary Research. 54, 976-983.

Welsh, E. M. and Nolan, A. M. (1995). Effect of flunixin meglumine on the thresholds to mechanical stimulation in healthy and lame sheep. Research in Veterinary Science. 58, 61-66.

Welsh, E. M. and Nolan, A. M. (1995). The effects of abdominal surgery on thresholds to thermal and mechanical stimulation in sheep. Pain 60, 159-166.

Wemelsfelder, F., Hunter, E. A. Mendl, M. T. Lawrence, A. B (2000)The spontaneous qualitative assessment of behavioural expressions in pigs: first explorations of a novel methodology for integrative animal welfare measurement. Applied Animal Behaviour Science. 67, 193-215

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White, R. G., DeShazer, J. A., Tressler, C. J., Borcher, G. M., Davey, S., Waninge, A., Parkhurst, A. M., Milanuk, M. J., and Clemens, E. T. (1995). Vocalization and physiological response of pigs during castration with or without a local anesthetic. Journal of Animal Science. 73, 381-386.

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                                            Revised: 20-10-08