What is pain?
How is pain produced?
How can pain be assessed?
How is pain relieved?
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Verbal Descriptors

How can Pain be Assessed?

Principles of Assessment Objective Assessment Behaviour Subjective Assessment Systematic Assessment

Subjective Assessment of Pain

Pain scales are subjective assessments of pain, with the human assessor making a value judgement, based on their previous experience of pain. 

Subjective pain assessments in animals use:

Running suckler calves in field

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                                            Revised: 20-10-08